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Having freckles can be a major bummer for the people who suffer with them. While they are not considered an illness or disorder, freckles signify a lower tolerance for ultraviolet radiation. They appear quite unsightly, especially when they visible on areas such as the face and arms. If you want to know how to get rid of freckles, then knowing what they are and what causes them is paramount.

Get rid of freckles

Freckles are small, flat spots which can either be tan, brown, or black in color. These spots are caused by a localized build-up of melanin. Melanin is what gives the skin its color plus protects the skin from UV rays; therefore, they increase in production upon exposure to the sun. Freckles are also said to be inherited. So if you have parents who have them, then you probably have or will develop them as well.

The first step on how to get rid of freckles is to prevent more from developing.

Since melanin build-up causes freckles upon exposure to the sun, try to stay in the shade or indoors as much as possible. When required to spend time in the sun, use waterproof sunblock to protect the skin. You can also wear a wide-brimmed hat to protect the face from direct sunlight. Staying away from the sun will not only stop new freckles from forming, but it will also prevent darkening already-formed freckles. There are several home remedies for getting rid of freckles, whether you just want to lighten freckles or make them disappear altogether. 

One of the most commonly used methods to remove freckles is the application of bleaching agents.

These agents usually come in the form of creams, gels or lotions that contains hydroquinone. Hydroquinone is a chemical used for fading skin color. Most of these agents are available purchased over-the-counter; however, if you need a higher strength, you will need a prescription from your dermatologist first. Bleaching agents help by reducing melanin formation, fading those freckles away. You have to be careful in using such creams though, as over-application can lead to severe skin damage.

Liquid nitrogen treatments and chemical peels can also be used to get rid of freckles.

Although different in approach, these two methods involve peeling the top layers of skin off. These two approaches should be done under the watch of a professional, as it can harm the skin if done inappropriately.

The most effective way on how to get rid of freckles is laser resurfacing.

A dermatologist does laser resurfacing to get rid of freckles with the use of an anaesthetic. The dermatologist will remove the layers of the skin using a laser. It usually takes about a week or two before the skin heals and the final results are seen. Most people who have undergone this procedure found the results very satisfactory. If you plan to undergo laser resurfacing, you have to be ready to pull out some pocket dollars as the procedure can get a bit expensive.

Freckles are also minimized by following the points listed below

  1. Apply lemon juice directly to your face twice a day and let it sit for at least 15 minutes. You can apply it at night before retiring and wash it off in the morning after rising. This will also increase your sensitivity to sunlight so wear sunscreen when you go out.
  2. Rinse your face with sour milk.
  3. Apply sour cream over your entire face, let it sit for 15 minutes and then wipe it off with a towel or tissue, but do not rinse.
  4. Use a cosmetic cover-up.